Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (2023)

Organic conversions are easy if you are well aware about organic compounds and their reactions. It is quite a challenge to remember all the reactions of all chapters so, summarizing important reactions of different chapters in a flow chart is very effective.

  • It captures the most essential reactions of the chapters in one diagram.
  • Easy for revision.
  • A visual representation has more retention in memory.

Stuck the conversion charts on the wall of your reading room, so you can see reactions frequently and memorize easily.

Contents

  • Conversion Chart of Aliphatic Compounds
  • How to do an organic conversion easily ?
    • Stepping up and down the carbon chain(series)
    • Reactions to change the Functional groups
  • Some common reagents and their role
  • Conversion Practice Chart of Aliphatic Compounds
  • Ideas to solve word problems in organic chemistry
  • Conversion Chart of Aromatic Compounds
  • Conversion Practice Chart of Aromatic Compounds
  • Practice Questions
  • References

Conversion Chart of Aliphatic Compounds

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (1)
  • Organic conversion process need not be a single step every time. You always start with initial reactants and move to intermediate steps , between your initial reactants and the final product. The most important thing that you should master is the art of guessing the Intermediates. Once you guess the correct intermediate you can write the reaction that takes you from reactant to intermediates and then the reaction that takes you from intermediate to the product. For this you have to practice many questions. Generally asked questions in any exam are repeated, so practice of old questions is effective.
  • You can use conversion chart to make the conversion problems easier. Look at the final compound you want to obtain (final product) and initial compound and see the various intermediate compounds formed between reactant and product step by step.

Sample Question :

Q. How would you convert methane to ethanoic acid ?Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (2)

Search this portion of reactions on the given conversion chart, you can get easily.

How to do an organic conversion easily ?

An organic conversion typically involves two types of transformations

1. Reactions that involve stepping up and down the carbon chain.

2. Reactions that convert functional groups from one to another .

Stepping up and down the carbon chain(series)

Stepping up:

Stepping up the C- chain means that the product has longer carbon chain than that of reactant. Most common methods for stepping up the carbon chain are mentioned below:

1. Reaction of alkyl halide with KCN:

Convert the given compound to an alkyl halide then to a cyanide then to the required organic compound as asked in the question.

Sample Question:

Q. Convert bromomethane to ethanol

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (3)

You can find this portion in the given conversion chart, so you can do this type of conversions also using conversion chart.

2. Wurtz reaction:

Use this reaction to make product having double number of carbon atoms than in reactant.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (4)

(Video) 10 Super Trick to Solve Organic Conversion Questions || Trick (V1) || IIT JEE NEET

3. Using Grignard reagent:

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (5)

4. Carbonylation reaction [Oxo-process]:

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (6)

5. Carboxylation reaction:

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (7)

6. Reaction of HCN with aldehyde to form α-hydroxy acid.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (8)

7. Aldol condensation reaction to form β-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (9)

Stepping down:

Stepping down the C- chain means that the product has shorter carbon chain than that of reactant. Most common methods for stepping down the carbon chain are mentioned below:

1. Hoffmann’s Bromamide reaction:

Convert the given compound to an amide then let it undergo Hoffmann Bromamide reaction to form amine having one carbon less than that in amide. Then convert the amine to required organic compound as asked in the question.

Sample question :

Q) How would you prepare methanol from ethanoic acid?Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (10)

You can find this portion easily on the given conversion chart. ( Note: Ethanoic acid can be converted to ethanamide by direct treating with NH3 also)

2. Decarboxylation reaction(reaction with NaOH+CaO):

This reaction can be used to reduce one carbon atom from carboxylic acids and their salts.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (11)

3. Ozonolysis:

(Video) How to Memorize Organic Chemistry Reactions and Reagents [Workshop Recording]

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (12)

4. Haloform formation:

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (13)

Carboxylation, Carbonylation, Decarboxylation reaction and Decarbonylation reaction

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (14)

Reactions to change the Functional groups

There are various types of reactions to change functional group . Be familiar with basic conversions such as :

  • Reduction
  • Oxidation
  • Halogenation
  • Hydrolysis
  • Nitration
  • Carboxylation ( used to step up a carbon chain also)
  • Alkyl Cyanide formation(used to step up a carbon chain also)
  • Ozonolysis
  • Dehydration
  • Dehydrohalogenation
  • Decarboxylation, etc……
  • For more common conversions see the given conversion chart and try to remember. Eg. aq. KOH is used to convert haloalkane to alcohol.PCl5 is used to convert alcohol to haloalkane and carboxylic acid to acid chloride. Etc…
  • Grignard reagent is a versatile reagent which can be used for many conversions.
  • Simple oxidation – reduction reactions can be useful to convert alcohol to aldehyde / ketone to carboxylic acid and vice- versa.
Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (15)

Some common reagents and their role

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (16)

Conversion Practice Chart of Aliphatic Compounds

Now , examine yourself by filling the chart and then compare your chart with chart attached above.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (17)

Ideas to solve word problems in organic chemistry

Sample question:

Q) An alcohol “A” reacts with PCl5 to give ” B”. “B” reacts with alc. KOH to give “C” , “C” on ozonolysis followed by hydrolysis forms methanol as major product. Identify A,B and C.

To solve such type of problems, at first make a rough sketch of reaction putting given informations as :

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (18)

We know that, alcohol reacts with PCl5 to give chloro alkane which reacts with alc.KOH ( dehydrohalogenation reaction) to give an alkene and alkene on ozonolysis followed by hydrolysis forms aldehyde or ketane. Hence, we can write above reaction as :

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (19)

Now, if you have basic knowledge about simple organic reactions you can easily go back from product(methanal) to ‘A’ as:

  • Compound “C” on ozonolysis gives methanal. Here, you must have knowledge about ozonolysis reaction. Actually two carbonyl compounds are formed by ozonolysis and according to question both must be methanal. Thus, ‘C’ (i.e alkene) should have two carbon atoms, which is ‘Ethene’.
Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (20)
  • Now ‘B’ should be chloroalkane having two carbon atoms i.e. ‘chlorothane’. Finally, ‘A’ must be alcohol having two carbon atoms, i.e. ‘Ethanol’.

Hence the reaction sequence is:

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (21)

You have to be confident when doing organic conversions. For this, start with the basic conversions, they help you to solve the higher level conversions. Learn basic reactions, keep reading the reaction charts which you have or I have attached here and practice as much as possible. You must know some tricks mentioned above or you can also form some hacks and tricks by practice.

Conversion Chart of Aromatic Compounds

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (22)

Conversion Practice Chart of Aromatic Compounds

Now, fill the chart and compare your chart with the chart attached above.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (23)

I hope it helps you . If any confusion comment below or message us.

Practice Questions

  1. Compound ‘A’ with the molecular formula C4H9Br is treated with aq. KOH solution. The rate of this reaction depends upon the concentration of the compound ‘A’ only. When another optically active isomer ‘B’ of this compound was treated with aq.KOH solution, the rate of reaction was found to be dependent on concentration of compound and KOH both.
  • Write down the structural formula of both compounds ‘A’ and ‘B’.
  • Out of these two compounds, which one will be converted to the product with inverted configuration?
  1. An alkene ‘A’ (Mol. formula C5H10) on ozonolysis gives a mixture of two compounds, ‘B’ and ‘C’. Compound B’ gives positive Fehling’s test and forms iodoform on treatment with I2and NaOH. Compound C’ does not give Fehling’s test but forms iodoform. Identify the compounds A, B, and C. Write the reaction for ozonolysis and formation of iodoform from B and C.
  2. An aromatic compound “A’ (Molecular formula C8H8O) gives a positive 2, 4-DNP test. It gives a yellow precipitate of compound ‘B’ on treatment with iodine and sodium hydroxide solution. Compound A’ does not give Tollen’s or Fehling’s test. On severe oxidation with potassium permanganate forms a carboxylic acid ‘C’ (Molecular formula C7H602), which is also formed along with the yellow compound in the above reaction. Identify A, B and C and write all the reactions involved.
  3. When liquid ′A′ is treated with a freshly prepared ammonical silver nitrate solution, it gives a bright silver mirror. The liquid forms a white crystalline solid on treatment with sodium hydrogen sulphite. Liquid ′B′ also forms a white crystalline solid with sodium hydrogen sulphite, but it does not give a test with ammoniacal silver nitrate. Which of the two liquids is aldehyde? Write the chemical equations of these reactions also.
  4. A primary amine, RNH2can be reacted with CH3-X to get secondary amine, R-NHCH3but the only disadvantage is that 30 amine and quaternary ammonium salts are also obtained as side products. Can you suggest a method where RNH2forms only 20 amine?
  5. A hydrocarbon ‘A’, (C4H8) on reaction with HCl gives a compound ‘B’, (C4H9CI), which on reaction with 1 mol of NH3gives compound ‘C’, (C4H11N). On reacting with NaNO2and HCI followed by treatment with water, compound ‘C’ yields optically active alcohol, ‘D’. Ozonolysis of ‘A’ gives 2 moles of acetaldehyde. Identify compounds ‘A’ to ‘D’. Explain the reactions involved.
  6. An organic compound (A) having molecular formula C3H7Cl on reaction with alcoholic solution of KCN gives compound B. The compound B on hydrolysis gives compound C. C on reduction with H2 / Ni gives 1-aminobutane. Identify A, B and C.
  7. An alcohol A (C4H10O) on oxidation with acidified potassium dichromate gives carboxylic acid B(C4H8O2). Compound A when dehydrated with conc. H2SO4 at 443K gives compound C. Treatment of C with aqueous H2SO4 gives compound D(C4H10O) which is an isomer of A. Compound D is resistant to oxidation but compound A can be easily oxidised. Identify A,B, C and D and write their structures.
  8. An organic compound A having molecular formula C6H6O gives a characteristic colour with aqueous FeCl3. When A is treated with NaOH and CO2 at 400K under pressure, compound B is obtained. Compound B on acidification gives compound C which reacts with acetyl chloride to form D which is a popular pain killer. Deduce the structure of A, B, C and D. What is the common name of Drug D?
  9. An ether A(C5H12O) when heated with excess of hot concentrated Hl produced two alkyl halides which on hydrolysis from compounds B and C. Oxidation of B gives an acid D whereas oxidation of C gave a ketone E. Deduce the structures of A,B, C,D and E.
  10. An organic compound A, molecular formula C9H10O forms 2,4-DNP derivative, reduces Tollen’s reagent and undergoes Cannizzaro reaction. On vigorous oxidation, it gives 1,2-benzene dicarboxylic acids. Identify A.

Ans: The compound A will be 2-Ethylbenzaldehyde.

(Video) Simple Trick to Understand Conversion Reactions Of Organic Compounds

  1. A compound X (C2H4O) on oxidation gives Y (C2H4O2). X undergoes haloform reaction. On treatment with HCN, X forms a product Z which on hydrolysis gives 2-hydroxypropanoic acid. Write down the structures of X and Y.
  2. An alkene (A) with molecular formula (C7H14) on ozonolysis yields an aldehyde. The aldehyde is easily oxidized to an acid (B). When B is treated with bromine in presence of phosphorous it yields a compound (C) which on hydrolysis gives a hydroxyl acid (D). This acid can also be obtained from acetone by the reaction with hydrogen cyanide followed by hydrolysis. Identify A, B, C and D and write the chemical equations for the reactions involved.
  3. An organic compound A (C2H3N)is used as a solvent of choice for many organic reactions because it is not reactive in mild acidic and basic conditions. Compound A on treatment with Ni/H2 forms B. When B is treated with nitrous acid at 273 K, ethanol is obtained. When B is warmed with chloroform and NaOH, a foul smelling compound C is formed. Identify A, B and C.
  4. An organic compound A C3H6O2 on reaction with ammonia followed by heating yield B. Compound B on reaction with Br2and alc. NaOH gives compound C (C2H7N). Compound C forms a foul smelling compound D on reaction with chloroform and NaOH. Identify A, B, C, D and write the equations of reactions involved.
  5. Compound ‘A’ of molecular formula C5H11Br yields a compound ‘B’ of molecular formula C5H12O when treated with aqueous NaOH. On oxidation, the compound ‘B’ yields a ketone ‘C’. Vigorously oxidation of ketone yields a mixture of ethanoic and propanoic acids. Deduce the structures of ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’.
  6. A compound ‘A’ with molecular formula C5H12O, on oxidation forms compound ‘B’ with molecular formula C5H10O. The compound ‘B’ on reduction with amalgamated zinc and HCl gives compound ‘C’ with molecular formula C5H12. Identify A, B and C. Write down the chemical reactions involved.
  7. An organic compound A having the molecular formula C3H8O on treatment with copper at 573K gives B, B does not reduce Fehling solution, but gives positive iodoform test. Write down the structural formulae of A and B.
  8. An organic compound a having molecular formula CH4O on treatment with P/I2 gives a compound B. the compound B on further treatment with KCN and on subsequent reduction gives compound C. the compound C on treatment with HNO2 gives another compound D, which responds to the iodoform test. Identify the compounds A, B, C and D. Explain all reactions.
  9. A ketone A, which undergoes haloform reaction gives compound B on reduction. B on heating with conc. H2SO4 gives compound C, which forms mono-ozonide D. D on hydrolysis in the presence of Zn dust gives only acetaldehyde. Identify A, B, C and D. Write the reactions involved.
  10. An organic compound A having molecular formula CH3CN on reduction give another compound B. B on treatment with HNO2 give ethyl alcohol and on warming with CHCl3 and KOH (alcoholic) gave an offensive smelling substance C. Identify A,B and C. Write down the equation involved.
  11. An optically inactive compound (A) having molecular formula C4H11N on treatment with HN02 gave an alcohol, (B). (B) on heating with excess of conc. H2SO4 at440K gave an alkene (C) . (C) on treatment with HBr gave an optically active compound (D) having molecular formula C4H9Br . identify A,B,C and D and write down their structural formulae. Also write the equation involved.

{ Ans. A=C4H9NH2 B=C6H9OH C=but-1-ene D= 2-bromobutane }

  1. An organic compound A on treatment with ethyl alcohol gives a carboxylic acid B and a compound C. Hydrolysis of C under acidic conditions gives B and D. Oxidation of D with KMnO4 also gives B. B upto heating with Ca(OH)2 gives E (molecular formulae C3H6O). E Does not gives Tollen’s test and does not reduce Fehling solution , but forms 2,4-dinitrophenyl hydrazone. Identify A,B,C,D and E.

{Ans. A= (CH3CO)2O B= CH3COOH C= CH3COOC2H5 D=C2H5OH E=CH3COCH3}

  1. Compound A (C6H12O2) on reduction with LiAlH4 yielded two compounds B and C. The compound B on oxidation give D, which on treatment with aqueous alkali and subsequent heating furnished E. The latter, on catalytic hydrogenation gave C. The compound D was oxidized further to gave F, which was found to be a monobasic acid (mol.wt= 60). Deduce the structures of A,B,C,D and E.

{Ans. A=CH3CH2CH2COOCH2CH3 B=CH3CH2OH C= CH3CH2CH2CH2OH D=CH3CHO E=CH3CH=CHCHO F: CH3COOH}

  1. An alkene A on ozonolysis yield acetone and an aldehyde. The aldehyde is easily oxidized to an acid B. when B is treated with bromine in the presence of phosphorus, it yield compound C, which on hydrolysis gives a hydroxyl acid D. This acid can be obtained from acetone by the reaction with hydrogen cyanide followed by hydrolysis. Identify the compound A,B,C and D.
  2. Compound A(C5H10O) forms phenyl hydrazone, gives negative Tollen’s and iodoform tests, and is reduced to pentane. What is the structure of the compound A?

{Ans. CH3CH2COCH2CH3, Pentan-3-one}

  1. A ketone A gives iodoform on reaction with iodine, and sodium hydroxide. A on reduction gives B which on heating with sulphuric acid gives C. Con ozonolysis gives acetaldehyde and acetone . Identify A,B and C.

{Ans. A= 3 methylbutan-2-one B= 3-methylbutan-2-ol C= 2-methylbut-2-ene}

28. An organic compound (A) which reduces Tollen’s reagent, on oxidation with potassium permanganate formed compound (B) which has same number of carbon atoms as (A). (B) reacts with Na2CO3 to give CO2. (B) on reaction with ethanol in presence of sulphuric acid formed a compound having molecular formula C4H8O2 (C). Identify A, B, C with suitable reactions and their IUPAC names.

29. Complete the reaction cycle with suitable reaction conditions.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (24)

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (25)

30. Predict the reagent or the product in the following reaction sequence.
Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (26)

31. A liquid of molecular formula C7H6O forms an oxime, reduces Tollen’s reagent and undergoes Clemmensen reduction to give toluene. Explain the reaction involved and write the structural formula of this liquid.

32. Compound ‘A’ C5H12O reacts with K2Cr2O7/H+ to form ‘B’ C5H10 Compound ‘B’ reacts with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine to form a yellow solid but does not give a silver mirror when treated with Tollen’s reagent or a precipitate of iodoform when heated with basic solution of I2 . Draw the structures of ‘A’ and ‘B’. Show the reactions involved.

33. An organic compound (A) on catalytic reduction gives (B), (B) on chlorination gives (C), (C) on heating with sodium metal in presence of ether gives (D), (D) on chlorination gives 2-chlorobutane as the major product. Give the names for (A), (B) (C) and (D) with reaction.

34. Compound (A), C7H8O, does not react with sodium metal. When (A) is treated with Hl, two compounds (B) and (C) are formed. Compound (B) reacts with sodium to produce hydrogen, and also forms a salt with NaOH. Compound (B) can be brominated, and the major product contains three bromine atoms. Compound (C) contains iodine. Compound (C) reacts with magnesium in dry ether to form a Grignard reagent. The Grignard reagent reacts with CO2, followed by acid hydrolysis to form acetic acid. Identify (A), (B) and (C). Show the reactions involved.

35. A hydrocarbon (A) gives a positive Baeyer’s test. When (A) is treated with conc. sulphuric acid and water, 2-butanol is produced. Ozonolysis of (A) gives propanal and methanol. What is the structure of (A) ? Write equations for all reactions.

36. Compound (A) having molecular formula (C3H602) which upon ammonolysis gives (B). (B) when heated with Br2 in presence of KOH, gives (C). (C) when heated with nitrous acID gives compound (D) which gives positive iodoform test. (D) again on oxidation gives compound (E) which when reacted with ethyl alcohol gives pleasant smell. Find (A), (B), (C) (D) and (E).

37. A compound (A) reacts with thionyl chloride to give compound (B). Compound (B) react with magnesium to form a Grignard reagent which is treated with acetone and the product hydrolysed to give 2-methyl-2-butanol. What are the structural formulae of (A) and (B)?

38. Compound (A) C6H12 decolorizes bromine, but gives no reaction with sodium metal or phenylhydrazine. Ozonolysis of (A) gives two compounds, (B) and (C), both react with phenylhydrazine. Compound (B) gives positive Tollens’ and iodoform tests. Compound (C) has molecular weight of 72. Suggest structures for (A), (B) and (C). Give equations for all reactions.

39. The compound (A), C3H8O, acts as a Lewis base in its reaction with conc. HBr to give (B) ,C3H7 On treatment with conc. sulphuric acid, (A) undergoes an elimination reaction to give the hydrocarbon (C). When (C) is reacted with concentrated HBr the result product (D), C3H7Br ,which is formed in accordance with the Markovnikov’s rule and is isomer with (B). Deduce the structures of (A), (B), (C) and (D) and explain the reactions.

40. Compound (A), C6H12O, gives the following results:

(a) (A) gives positive test with hydroxylamine.

(Video) How to Memorize Organic Chemistry Mechanisms Through Active Writing

(b) (A) does not react with Tollen’s reagent.

(c) (A) on catalytic hydrogenation gives (B), C6H14O.

(d) (B) on treatment with conc. H2SO4 gives (C), C6H12.

(e) (C) on ozonolysis gives two compounds, (D)C3H6O and (E) C3H6O.

(f) (D) gives a negative Tollens’ test and +ve iodoform test.

(g) (E) gives a negative iodoform test and +ve Tollens’ test.

What are the structure of (A) to (E)? Explain the reactions.

41. An aliphatic compound (A) reacts with SOCl2 to give (B). The compound (B) is heated with ammonia to produce (C). The compound (C) is further heated with Br2/KOH to yield (D). The compound (D) gives (E) when trailed with NaN02/HCI at low temperature. The compound (E) is primary alcohol which gives positive iodoform test. Identify (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E). Write reactions involved.

42. An amine (A) has formula C3H9 When (A) is treated with nitrous acid at 0 — 5°C, a reaction takes place and an oily yellow layer separates from the reaction mixture. What is (A)? Give an equation for the reaction.

43. An organic compound (A) having molecular formula CH40 on treatment with red phosphorus and iodine gives a compound (B). The compound (B) on treatrnent with KCN followed by reduction gives a compound (C). The compound (C) on treatment with nitrous acid at cold condition gives a compound (D) which gives positive iodoform test. Identify the compounds (A), (B), (C) and (D) and give all reactions.

44. An unknown ester C5H1202 was hydrolysed with water and acid to give carboxylic acid (A) and alcohol (B). Treatment of (B) with PBr3 gave an alkyl bromide (C). When (C) was treated with KCN, a product (D) was formed which on acid hydrolysis gave the carboxylic acid (A). Give the structure and name of the original ester. Identify (A), (B), (C) and (D) and write equations for the reactions involved.

45. An organic compound (A) when reacts with alc. KOH gives (B) which on ozonolysis gives (C). This compound on Clemmensen reduction gives propane. The compound (C) also give iodoform test. Compound (D) is obtained when (C) urdergoes Aldol condensation. On reaction of (C) with 2,4 -DNP reagent gives compound (E). Identify (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E).

46. An organic compound (A) reacts with HCN to give (B). On hydrolysis of (B) in acidic medium gives (C). Compound (A) also produces propane when treated with zinc-amalgam and HCI. Identify (A), (B) and (C) with reaction and give their IUPAC names. What product would you expect when (A) is treated with trichloromethane in alkaline medium?

47. An organic compound (A) reacts with PBr3 to give (B). Compound (B) produces (C) when heated with alc. KOH. The compound (C) undergoes ozonolysis to yield ethanal and methanal as the products. The compound (A) responses iodoform test. Identify (A), (B), (C) and write reactions involved. How is (A) obtained from CH3MgBr?

48. Compound (A), C5H10O gives the following results:

  • Treatment with 2,4-DNP gives a coloured precipitate.
  • It gives negative Tollen’s test.
  • It gives positive iodoform test.

Suggest two structures for (A) that are consistent with these facts.

49. Identify A, B, C, D and E in the following reaction.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (27)

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (28)

50. Prepare a sequence of reactions from the given list with necessary conditions and reagents.

Easy way to remember organic reactions and solve conversion questions easily. (29)

(Video) How to solve any organic conversion ? - IIT JEE | ATP STAR | Vineet Khatri NEET

Convert:

  1. 1-bromopropane to 2- bromopropane and vice- versa.
  2. 1- propanol to 2- propanol and vice versa.
  3. Methanamine to ethanamine and vice versa.
  4. Phenol to anisole(methoxy benzene) and vice versa.
  5. Ethoxy ethane to methoxy ethane.
  6. Phenol/aniline to azo-dye.
  7. Ethanal/ ethanol to 3-hydroxy butanal.
  8. Ethanol to 2- hydroxy propanoic acid.
  9. Propanone(acetone) to 2-hydroxy-2-methyl propanoic acid.
  10. Phenol to toluene.
  11. Ethanol to propanol/ propanoic acid.
  12. Methanamide to ethanamine.

References

  • Finar, I. L., Organic Chemistry, Vol. I and Vol. II, Prentice Hall, London, 1995.
  • Bahl, B.S., A., Advanced organic Chemistry, S. Chand and company Ltd, New Delhi, 1992.
  • Sharma, M. L., Chaudhary, P.N., A Text Book of B.Sc. Chemistry, Second Edition, Ekta Books, Kathmandu, 2004.
  • Ghosh, S.K., Advanced General Organic Chemistry, Second Edition, New Central Book Agency Pvt. Ltd, Kolkatta, 2007.

FAQs

What is the fastest way to learn organic chemistry reactions? ›

Learning Organic Chemistry requires problem practice. You should attempt all NCERT questions, then your reference book exercises and hit the past year papers. Spend all the extra time you save from theory for organic chemistry into solving problems. So, work the problems!

How do you memorize chemical reactions quickly? ›

Here are some of the best (and worst) ways to memorize chemistry.
  1. Memorizing Chemistry Using Repetition.
  2. Memorizing Chemistry Using Mnemonic Devices.
  3. Using Memory Palaces To Memorize Chemistry.
  4. Using a Memory Palace To Memorize Numbers.
15 Mar 2018

How do I study for last minute organic chemistry? ›

So, rather than regurgitating the textbook or your chemistry notes right here, we'll share what few will tell you about actually studying Organic Chemistry.
...
  1. Try to understand, rather than memorise. ...
  2. Build up speed using flash cards. ...
  3. Treat it like Math – Practice is key. ...
  4. Practice wisely. ...
  5. Put in consistent work.
16 May 2022

How do I learn conversion chemistry? ›

How to Convert Units in Chemistry - YouTube

Is organic chemistry easy? ›

If you know the chemistry them, you can characterize most reactions just by your own knowledge, with little memorization at all. Organic chemistry is not as difficult as its reputation makes it out to be. I enjoyed the course and personally found it to be significantly easier than general chemistry.

What is the hardest chemistry class? ›

Organic Chemistry:

It shouldn't surprise you that organic chemistry takes the No. 1 spot as the hardest college course. This course is often referred to as the “pre-med killer” because it actually has caused many pre-med majors to switch their major.

Can I understand 12th organic without 11th? ›

Organic Chemistry is build up of various reasoning questions which are related to the concepts of class 11, like thermodynamics, structure of atom, equilibrium, states of matter etc. So, only IUPAC is not enough. To have a better understanding of organic chemistry, you need to have basic knowledge in various topics.

Is organic chemistry hard? ›

Organic chemistry is one of the hardest science subjects. Its failure and retake rates are high, and its class grade average is low. It's also very time-consuming, difficult to apply, and heavy on theoretical detail. If you haven't done a general chemistry course first, you could really struggle.

How do you become a topper in chemistry? ›

Study the material that will be on the test.

At the end of every month (or every section of your chemistry course) you should study the topics taught during that time. If it helps, you can study together with your friends, and together discuss how to answer the questions. Be attentive to your studying.

Is chemistry all about memorizing? ›

No, as with the other sciences, chemistry is about understanding some observations about a part of the universe. It is necessary to remember the basic terms and jargon (e.g. elements and formulas), and it is helpful to make some procedures (mental or physical) familiar by practice.

Can I complete organic chemistry in 3 days? ›

This subject organic chemistry is considered most interesting part of the whole syllabus if you are preparing for boards then you can easily. Finish it within a month or two. But the guidance is very important to cover the syllabus. Accordingly 1 month is required to complete the organic chemistry.

How long does it take to learn organic chemistry? ›

If I talk about the syllabus of class 12 then atleast 3month is needed to complete the syllabus smoothly.

Is 12th organic chemistry easy? ›

Most of the candidates give a lot of importance to Chemistry while preparing for Class 12th exams. So, they feel panic and stressed about how to score top marks in this subject. Actually, preparing for Organic Chemistry is very easy. You just have to concentrate and be thorough with all the topics and concepts.

What conversions should I memorize? ›

Explanation: It may be useful to you to memorize a few basic conversions, such as those between units of feet and meters, or centimeters and inches (kg and pounds, etc.)

How do you do easy conversions? ›

You won't believe how easy this is-Unit Conversion-Easy Method

How do you memorize volume conversions? ›

US Volume Measurements Conversion Trick!! This Story makes ...

How many hours should I study for organic chemistry? ›

The consensus seems to be about 14 hours a week, or two hours a day. This is in line with a common study-time recommendation that you spend two hours studying for each hour in class (3 hours of lecture plus 4 of lab = 14 hours of work outside of class).

What percentage of college students fail organic chemistry? ›

By some studies, nearly one in every two organic chemistry students fail or drop the class.

Is chemistry the hardest science? ›

Chemistry isn't merely a challenging science major; CollegeVine ranked it the most difficult of all the majors in its rankings of The 10 Easiest and 10 Hardest College Majors.

What is the most failed course in high school? ›

Algebra is the single most failed course in high school, the most failed course in community college, and, along with English language for nonnative speakers, the single biggest academic reason that community colleges have a high dropout rate.

Is physics harder than chemistry? ›

Comparing mathematics and physics,chemistry is easier. There is a psychological term called *processing the process*that helps you understand mistakes you commit during studying.

Is 12th tougher than 11th? ›

Hi 11th standard is comparatively tougher than 12th. so before starting 11th class go through the basics and formulas related to 11th class and try to solve questions of math, physics, chemistry from NCERT book. try to solve it by your own because it will help in improving your concepts.

Which is the hardest chapter in chemistry class 11? ›

Which of the following is a branch of chemistry?
...
  • Physical Chemistry is the hardest branch of chemistry.
  • It involves the study of physical properties and constitution of matter, the laws of chemical combination, and theories governing chemical reactions.

Which is the most difficult chapter in class 12 chemistry? ›

Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

This chapter contains numerous chemical reactions, which makes it one of the more difficult chapters in Organic Chemistry. Students who find it difficult to memorize chemical reactions are recommended to dedicate some extra time to this chapter.

Can I self study organic chemistry? ›

A Self-Study Guide to the Principles of Organic Chemistry: Key Concepts, Reaction Mechanisms, and Practice Questions for the Beginner will help students new to organic chemistry grasp the key concepts of the subject quickly and easily, as well as build a strong foundation for future study.

Which part of chemistry is easy? ›

Still Thermodynamics , electrochemistry and equilibrium have a slight edge over other chapters. This is going to be easy.

Is there a lot of math in organic chemistry? ›

So what is organic chemistry, anyway? And why is it so difficult? Basically, orgo examines how molecules containing carbon interact, but it doesn't require equations or math, as in physics. Instead, you learn how electrons flow around and between molecules, and you draw little curved arrows showing where they go.

What is organic conversion? ›

What is 'organic in conversion'/ 'in transition'? 'Organic in conversion' describes the process of transition from 'conventional' to organic agriculture. This process usually requires 3 years.

How long does it take to convert a farm to organic? ›

Usually it'll take you 2 years to get certified as an organic producer. It might take shorter or longer depending on your situation, for example: 3 years for established orchards of perennial soft, top and vine fruits.

What do you think would be the outcome if conventional farms will be converted into organic farms? ›

Farmers will probably experience some loss in yields when converting their operation to organic production. There is period of time between the discarding of synthetic inputs and sufficient biological insect populations, nitrogen fixation from legumes) during which pest suppression and fertility problems are typical.

What is a conversion process? ›

The conversion process searches for the first rule that matches the incoming data, and then applies the action associated with that rule. The output of that action can then be further processed by other rules, depending on its type-out value and whether other rules exist that are triggered by that value.

How do I find keywords that convert? ›

It will help keep you organized and focused as you discover, prioritize, and target keywords that convert.
  1. Step 1: Compile a List of Long Tail Keywords. ...
  2. Step 2: Identify Long Tail Keywords That Convert. ...
  3. Step 3: Prioritize Purchase-Intent Keywords. ...
  4. Step 4: Create Content for Conversion Keywords.
8 May 2017

What is gots in conversion? ›

Using the GOTS 'in-conversion' label grade means to support agricultural practices that are transitioning towards organic agriculture. The land is converting from 'conventional' to organic. There is usually a 3-year conversion period of land. The conversion period increases stability for farmers and their families.

Are conversions important in organic chemistry? ›

Organic chemistry conversions of class 12 are major problems you have to do in examinations. Organic conversions questions have important role in organic chemistry questions.

Is organic farming difficult? ›

One final challenge of organic farming is that production yields are lower compared to conventionally grown food. In addition to lower production, mainly due to not using industrial fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides, organic agriculture also requires more land to meet the previous production levels.

Why we must require the length of conversion period? ›

The conversion period may not always be of sufficient duration to improve soil fertility and re-establish the balance of the ecosystem but it is the period in which all the actions required to reach these goals are started. The length of the conversion period must be adapted to: the past use of the land.

Why conversion is important in organic farming? ›

2.2 Full conversion to organic farming

Improving soil fertility based on the recycling of farm own organic materials and enhancement of farm own biomass production. Encouraging positive interactions between all parts of the production system (the farm ecosystem) to enhance self-regulation of pests and diseases.

What are the challenges in conversion that are to be expected? ›

Problems experienced during conversion relate to marketing, agronomic issues, lack of governmental and institutional support, negative pressure from other farmers and farm groups, and lack of physical and financial capital.

What do you think is the most important factor to consider in converting farm to organic agriculture? ›

Climate Rainfall distribution and quantity, temperatures, frost risks, humidity. Organic matter sources and management (manures). Presence of animal housing systems and/ or machinery. Limiting factors such as capital, labour, market access, among others.

How can you encourage synthetic users to convert into organic farming? ›

Discuss the importance of organic farming

If there's someone you want to convert into an organic farmer, you have to spend as many time with them to discuss the benefits of organic farming—healthier soil, more nutritious crops, higher profit margin, contribution to keeping the environment safe, and many more.

What are the rules of conversion? ›

To be conversion, a taking of property must be without the owner's consent. There must be some act giving the taker some control over the object, though actual physical removal is not essential. The taking need not be malicious or even knowledgeable.

What are the four conversion methods? ›

Conversion Methods
  • Parallel Conversion.
  • Direct Cutover Conversion.
  • Pilot Approach.
  • Phase-In Method.

What are the four steps of the conversion process? ›

Verify - Make your your results are statistically significant.
  1. Step One: Examine. Develop insights based on business goals and market research. ...
  2. Step Two: Implement. Don't hesitate to implement data-driven CRO strategy. ...
  3. Step Three: Test. Testing improves implementation while providing valuable data. ...
  4. Step Four: Verify.

Videos

1. SUPER TRICK TO LEARN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY REACTIONS | WILLIAMSON SYNTHESIS
(Trick Teacher)
2. Organic chemistry conversions : trick 1
(Mr. Math & Ms. Science)
3. Trick to remember any Organic Reaction | ATP STAR JEE & NEET | Vineet Khatri | Organic chemistry
(ATP STAR Kota)
4. 9 Tricks to Solve Questions easily from Haloalkanes and Haloarenes chapter (Organic Chemistry)
(Komali Mam)
5. MCAT/ECAT Organic Chemistry Tricks I How to Remember Catalysts I Reactions Tips I Free Online Clas
(Dr. Muhammad Saquib Qureshi - MSQ)
6. Best Trick to Understand Conversion Reactions Of Organic Compound |Must watch video for NEB students
(Pathsala Online)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Terrell Hackett

Last Updated: 10/24/2022

Views: 5513

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (72 voted)

Reviews: 95% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Terrell Hackett

Birthday: 1992-03-17

Address: Suite 453 459 Gibson Squares, East Adriane, AK 71925-5692

Phone: +21811810803470

Job: Chief Representative

Hobby: Board games, Rock climbing, Ghost hunting, Origami, Kabaddi, Mushroom hunting, Gaming

Introduction: My name is Terrell Hackett, I am a gleaming, brainy, courageous, helpful, healthy, cooperative, graceful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.