The World's Longest Place Name (2022)


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Thailand Has World's Longest Place Name

by Eric Shackle

Thailand has beaten challenges from New Zealand and Wales for the world's longest place name. Internet websites in all three countries claim that odd tourist magnet. Let's examine their claims.

WALES boasts a village called Llanfair­pwllgwyn­gyllgo­gerychwyrn­drobwll­llanty­silio­gogogoch (58 letters), which in English means "Saint Mary's Church in the hollow of white hazel near a rapid whirlpool and the Church of Saint Tysilio near the red cave." The locals call it Llanfairpwll (pronounced thlan vire puth). We'll call it L56h.

"The name of this world-famous station and village was created in the early 19th century by a local humourist," says the Tourists to Wales web site.

"The station of Llanfair PG (the usual abbreviation) was the first on Anglesey, and opened in 1848. After a 20-year closure in 1973 to 1993, it re-opened in 1994 having been restored... During your visit you could also have lunch in the 'Sidings Restaurant.'"

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The World's Longest Place Name (1)

An English website, Go! Britannia, says: "Thousands of visitors are attracted yearly to photograph its famous 15 foot long sign found on the railway station platform... (A little secret: as many double letters in English are regarded as single letters in Welsh, the name has only 51 letters)."

Internet sites normally have a maximum of 28 letters but the rules were bent for L56h. Its website says the village was known until the 19th century as Llanfair PwllgwyngyllSt Mary's church near the pool by the white hazels. To encourage train travellers to stop off, a cobbler suggested stretching the name. Local author John Williams believes that a tailor coined the tongue-twisting name to confuse the English. The website is at: http://llanfair­pwllgwyn­gyllgo­gerychwyrn­drobwll­llanty­silio­gogogoch.co.uk.

NEW ZEALAND stakes its claim on the Maori name for a hill near Porangahau, Hawkes Bay, which is spelt with either 85 or 92 letters. Visitors climb the hill in four-wheel-drive vehicles. The Duke of Edinburgh Hotel invites them to buy a "Collectors' Longest Place Name Bottle of Hawkes Bay Chardonnay or Cab Merlot."

The hill used to be called Taumata­whakatangihanga­koauau­o­tamatea­turipukaka ­pikimaunga ­horo­nuku­pokaiwhenua­kitana­tahu (85 letters). That's a combination of the words taumata (brow of a hill), whakatangihanga (music making), koauau (flute), o (of), tamatea (name of a famous chief), turi pukaka (bony knees), piki maunga (climbing a mountain), horo (slip), nuku (move), pokai whenua (widely travelled), ki (to), tana (his), tahu (beloved).

Hawkes Bay Tourism's Internet site says that Porangahau in New Zealand's South Island, "boasts the longest place name in the world: Tetaumata­whakatangihanga­koaua­o­tamatea­urehaeaturipuka­pihimaunga­horo­nuku­pokaiwhenuaa­kitana­rahu, officially entered in the Guinness Book of Records." That stretches the name to 92 letters.

(Video) Longest name place in the world

The World's Longest Place Name (2)It says the name means "The place where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, who slid, climbed, and swallowed mountains, known as land eater, played his flute to his loved one."

After ascending the hill, Gavin Kingsley, of Christchurch, in New Zealand's South Island, photographed a roadsign showing the name. The translation, he says, is "The brow of the hill where Tamatea, with the bony knees, who slid and climbed mountains, the great traveller, sat and played on the flute to his beloved."

With a touch of cynicism, Gavin adds "Local history has it that the part about the knees and climbing mountains was added recently to make the name more interesting."

Seeking on-the-spot information, we e-mailed Winton Hall, owner of Porangahau Lodge, who replied: "Yes, we do in fact have the Longest Place Name in the World at Porangahau. It is no joke. You can check it out in the Guinness Book of Records.

"At the moment there is no real commercial use of the name but this could change in the near future. In the past I have run 4-Wheel Drive Safaris up to the summit of the hill but it has been fairly inaccessible. There is however new access proposed and the local iwi [Maori tribe] may turn it into a commercial attraction."

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THAILAND: "Bangkok is a city of extremes and superlatives, a city you do not react to indifferently," says Thailand at a Glance. "Recently declared the world's hottest city by the World Meteorological Organization, it also boasts the world's longest name: Krung-thep-maha-nakorn-boworn-ratana-kosin-mahintar-ayudhya-amaha-dilok-pop-nopa-ratana-rajthani-burirom-udom-rajniwes-mahasat-arn-amorn-pimarn-avatar-satit-sakattiya-visanukam.

"Not surprisingly, only a handful of Thais can remember such a mouthful, although the abbreviated translation of the whole is a relatively brief Jewelled city of the god Indra. However, most Thais simply refer to it as Krung Thep, City Angels."

We sought a ruling from a Bangkok wordsmith, Theppitak Karoonboonyanan who said the correct spelling (163 letters) is Krung­thep­maha­nakorn­amorn­ratana­kosin­mahintar­ayutthay­amaha­dilok­phop­noppa­ratrajathani­burirom­udom­rajaniwes­mahasat­harn­amorn­phimarn­avatarn­sathit­sakkattiya­visanukamprasit.

Theppitak separated the words of K161t and translated them as:

  • krungthep mahanakorn
    The great city of angels,
  • amorn rattanakosin mahintara yutthaya mahadilok phop
    the supreme unconqueralble land of the great immortal divinity (Indra),
  • noparat rajathani burirom
    the royal capital of nine noble gems, the pleasant city,
  • udomrajaniwes mahasatharn
    with plenty of grand royal palaces,
  • amorn phimarn avatarnsathit
    and divine paradises for the reincarnated deity (Vishnu),
  • sakkatattiya visanukam prasit
    given by Indra and created by the god of crafting (Visnukarma).

"It's a kind of honoring or celebrating in (royal) Thai culture to name long (I couldn't confirm this in terms of historical background, though)," Theppitak said. "King Rama 1, the founder of the city himself, was named yet longer than the name of the city, in his ascending to the throne. Our King Rama 9 (King Bhumipol) also has a long name of a hundred letters.

(Video) Top 4 longest names!!

"The name of the city was given by King Rama 1, the founder of the city, to celebrate the new capital, 219 years ago, after Sukhothai, Ayudhaya, and Thonburi. He moved the capital of the country from Thonburi to a place called Bangkok at that time, and named the new capital as rungthepmahanakhorn. The name has been changed a little by King Rama 4 (King Mongkut) which has been used until now.

"The name Bangkok is still used in international context because it was more familiar to foreigners in the past. In Thai, the city is called Krungthep in short, and is written with an abbreviation sign after it.

"It may be pronounced as Krungthepmahanakorn in some formal occasions. But when we refer to the full name, it's the one with hundreds of letters as mentioned. If you want to get some formal evidence of the name, you may have to ask some governmental offices, or the Royal Palace. The old name Bangkok is only used in foreign languages, or it becomes informal in Thai."

VERDICT: Well, what to make of these claims and counter-claims? To this impartial observer, who has visited the multisyllabic places only on the Internet, the result is:

  • Third longest place name (bronze medal): WALES.
  • Second longest (silver medal): NEW ZEALAND.
  • Gold Award winner: THAILAND.
FOOTNOTE: LA, North America's second largest city, undoubtedly has [almost] the world's shortest place name. But a settlement established there in 1781 was known as El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora la Reina de los Angeles de Porciúncula (The Town of Our Lady the Queen of Angels of the Little Portion). Its official name was El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles. If LA went back to using its 55-letter earliest title, it would be a close fourth for the world's LONGEST place name!

© 2003 Eric Shackle (eshackle@ozemail.com.au).
This article is reproduced with the kind permission of the author.

(Video) Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu Pronunciation

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FAQs

What is the longest place name in the world? ›

Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapiki-maungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitnatahu holds the world record for being the longest place name on the entire planet, at the length of 85 characters.

Is llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch the longest place name in the world? ›

The long form of the name is the longest place name in the United Kingdom and one of the longest in the world at 58 characters (51 "letters" since "ch" and "ll" are digraphs, and are treated as single letters in the Welsh language).

How did Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu get its name? ›

Near Porangahau in Hawke's Bay is an unassuming hill known as "Taumata whakatangi hangakoauau o tamatea turi pukakapiki maunga horo nuku pokai whenua kitanatahu", which translates into English as "the place where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, who slid, climbed and swallowed mountains, known as 'landeater', ...

Why is llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch so long? ›

Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch. Originally the town had a shorter, easier to pronounce name: Llanfairpwllgwyngyll. In the 1880s, in a joking attempt to attract tourists, a tailor added the rest of the syllables, bringing the total length to 58 letters, including four letter L's in a row.

How many letters is Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu? ›

With 85 letters, the longest one-word place name is that of a hill in New Zealand called Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu.

What does Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch mean in English? ›

The name was coined as a publicity gimmick in the 1860s by concatenating the names of Llanfairpwllgwyngyll ("St Mary's church in the hollow of the white hazel"), the nearby hamlet of Llantysilio Gogogoch ("the church of St Tysilio of the red cave"), and the chwyrn drobwll ("rapid whirlpool") between them.

What dies Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch mean? ›

Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch means 'St Mary's Church in the Hollow of the White Hazel Near to the Rapid Whirlpool of Llantysilio of the Red Cave', a collection of geographical and cultural features that are all found in the vicinity of the village.

What does Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu mean in English? ›

Near Porangahau in Hawke's Bay is an unassuming hill known as "Taumata whakatangi hangakoauau o tamatea turi pukakapiki maunga horo nuku pokai whenua kitanatahu", which translates into English as "the place where Tamatea, the man with the big knees, who slid, climbed and swallowed mountains, known as 'landeater', ...

Is Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu a word? ›

Place with the Longest Single Word in the World

The place with the longest single word is Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu. At 85 letters, this Māori name for a hill in New Zealand is often truncated to Taumata.

What is the longest 1st name in the world? ›

The longest personal name is 747 characters long, and belongs to Hubert Blaine Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff Sr. (b.

Is Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch a real place? ›

On the Welsh island of Anglesey, across the Menai Strait from the city of Bangor, sits Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, an unassuming old fishing village. Its 3,000 residents welcome more than 200,000 visitors every year, almost entirely on the strength of its 58-letter name.

What does LLAN mean in Wales? ›

Even now the names of many places in Wales begin with Llan. It means “Church” – or, rather, the enclosed land around the church where Christian converts had settled – and, as far as town or church names are concerned, is often combined with the name of an individual.

What state is the longest to spell? ›

Answer: Rhode Island – more precisely the “State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations”, which is the longest official name of any state in the United States – and for what happens to be the smallest state (by area).

What word is 183 letters long? ›

The longest word in the English language, pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis, won primary school speller Jemimah Elise Sampson, the East Coast Radio's Last Kid Standing title, as seen in the video below published by the East Coast Radio.

What word is 48 letters long? ›

But even longer words are possible! Epäjärjestelmällistyttämättömyydellänsäkäänköhän (48 letters) is one of them (although it seems like more than one) and translates to “I wonder if – even with his/her quality of not having been made unsystematized”.

Who named Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu? ›

Legend has it that after his brother was killed in a fight with another tribe, Tamatea spent the following days grieving his loss by playing his flute on the hill. The Maori (the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand) wanted to name the location in his honor and chose what is now the hill's official name.

What is the word 3 hours to pronounce? ›

Methionylthreonylthreonylglutaminylarginyl… isoleucine is the chemical name for the protein of “titin” also known as “connectin.” The largest known protein that consists of 26, 926 amino acids is made up of 189, 819 letters and can take about three hours to pronounce.

What is the full name of Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch? ›

Llanfairpwllgwyngyll, officially Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch (pronounced llan-vire-pooll-gwin-gill-go-gare-urch-wyn-drob-ooll-andus-ilio-gogo-goch), also known as Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll, Llanfair PG or just Llanfairpwll, is a large village and community on Anglesey, an island in Wales.

What is the longest word that takes 3 hours? ›

The longest English word

The longest word in English has 189,819 letters and takes 3 hours to pronounce. This is a technical term for the chemical composition of titin. Titin is the largest known protein responsible for maintaining the passive elasticity of the muscles.

What is the long name in Wales? ›

Well, exactly 58 letters, if the name happens to be Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, the longest place name in the United Kingdom and one of the longest village names in the world.

What is the longest name in the UK? ›

Please see my disclosure policy for details. Llanfair PG is a small town in Wales with a really big name! In fact, its full name Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch is officially the longest place name in the UK and the second-longest in the entire world.

How do you say Long town in Wales? ›

Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant – Pronounced 'chlan-hryd-er-um-mokk-nant' Another one of the long Welsh names, and found in Mid Wales county of Powys.

What does Methionylthreonylthreonyglutaminylarginyl mean? ›

So what's the word? Wikipedia's says that it's "Methionylthreonylthreonylglutaminylarginyl ... isoleucine" (ellipses necessary), which is the "chemical name of titin, the largest known protein." Also, there's some dispute about whether this is really a word.

Is Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu a town? ›

Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu is a hill near the town of Porangahau, south of Waipukurau in southern Hawke's Bay, New Zealand.

What is the longest word in English *? ›

1 Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis (forty-five letters): A lung disease caused by the inhalation of silica or quartz dust.

How many letters are in taumata? ›

Taumata is short for a place name in New Zealand that is 84 letters long, putting it in the Guinness Book of World Records.

What is the 4 longest word in the world? ›

Here's how Merriam-Webster defines the ten longest words in the English language.
  1. Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis (45 letters) ...
  2. Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (30 letters) ...
  3. Floccinaucinihilipilification (29 letters) ...
  4. Honorificabilitudinitatibus (27 letters) ...
  5. Thyroparathyroidectomized (25 letters)

What girl has 1000 letters in her name? ›

When the little girl was born on September 12, 1984, her parents wrote Rhoshandiatellyneshiaunneveshenk Koyaanisquatsiuth Williams on her birth certificate. However three weeks later they decided it simply wasn't long enough, so they filed an amendment which made it 1,019 letters long.

What is the 2 longest name in the world? ›

Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, Wales.

What is the longest town name in UK? ›

It was a hot day in Wales today and especially in Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch. The Welsh village was the warmest place in the U.K., but it's probably better known for having Europe's longest place name and, if you're not a native Welsh speaker, being practically unpronounceable.

How many people live in Llanfair? ›

Llanfair Caereinion
Population1,810 (2011)
OS grid referenceSJ105065
Principal areaPowys
Ceremonial countyPowys
15 more rows

What is the longest name in Europe? ›

Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch is the name of the 3,000-resident village in the southeast of the island. Translated into English it means: The Church of Mary in the Hollow of the White Hazel near the Fierce Whirlpool and the Church of Tysilio by the Red Cave.

How is f pronounced in Welsh? ›

F is pronounced 'v' as in veil, NOT 'f' as in fail. Our 'f' sound is represented by FF in Welsh. LL is a real peach of a sound, but it's not all that hard to say. Just put your tongue in the position you would for an L, and blow hard.

What does Y mean in Welsh names? ›

Y - has two different pronunciations. In all but the last syllable of a word it's pronounced as a 'U' - as in English 'fun'. When it is in the last syllable of a word it is pronounced as an 'i' - as in English 'is'.

What does Pen Y mean in Welsh? ›

Etymology. In the Cumbric language, exactly as in today's Welsh, pen meant 'top' or 'head', and y is most likely the definite article (the), exactly as in Modern Welsh y (compare Pen-y-berth 'end of the hedge/copse', or Pen-y-ffordd 'head of the road/way', etc.).

What is the longest body part name? ›

The levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle is, translated from Latin, the "lifter of both the upper lip and of the wing of the nose". It has the longest name of any muscle in an animal.

What is the longest fruit name? ›

The longest-named fruit is a cultivated variety of the American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis L.) This cultivar was developed upon a wild variety found near Osceola, Missouri. The original species occur naturally in central and eastern United States and southeastern Canada.

What US state begins with n? ›

NEBRASKANEW MEXICO
NEVADANEW YORK
NEW HAMPSHIRENORTH CAROLINA
NEW JERSEYNORTH DAKOTA

What is the 2nd longest place name in the world? ›

LLANFAIRPWLLGWYNGYLLGOGERYCHWYRNDROBWLLLLANTYSILIOGOGOGOCH, WALES. This village on the Ynys Môn island off the north-west coast of Wales has 58 letters. It is the place with the second-longest name in the world.

Is Lilly a girl? ›

Lilly is a classic girl's name of Latin origin, which stems from the lily flower.

What is the oldest female name? ›

Oldest Female Name in History

Per Oldest.org, Neithhotep is the earliest named woman in history. A queen consort of Pharoah Narmer in Ancient Egypt, Neithhotep had her name recorded between circa 3150 and 3125 BCE. Looking for more ancient names for girls.

Who has the longest hair? ›

In 2009, a woman in Florida created a Guinness World Record for having the longest locks. The 60-year old woman is in the news again for she is continuing to hold the record. Now the length of her hair extends to a whopping 110 ft. Asha Mandela began to grow her hair about 40 years ago when she moved to New York, USA.

What is the world's biggest word? ›

pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

Appearing in the Oxford English Dictionary, this 45-letter word for a disease is the longest English word that is defined in a major dictionary. It's a technical word referring to the lung disease more commonly known as silicosis.

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